Big Bang

Big Bang: A Probable Way the Universe Was Formed

It appears that the event of Big Bang, once proposed by scientists, finds itself proponents among wide spectrum of thinkers. Evolutionists as well as theologians tend to accept the Big Bang as the probable way the Universe was formed; was there the Divine design behind it or not remains a subject of religious standing. It is widely accepted, however, that, either by blind chance or by the mighty hand of God, this extremely big world had expanded out of mysterious primordial atom through the magnificent event of the Big Bang about 13.7 billion current-length-years ago.

 

Is Cosmic Background Radiation All We Got?

Whichever way we believe the universe-making went in the beginning, our kick off points remain the Bible and plenty of cosmic background radiation, left over of primordial excess of heat, and our understanding of physics - the tremendous heat of initial explosion has wound down to relatively cool microwave radiation we deal with today.

 

Yet the Big Bang Theory is not able to explain the “Before the Beginning” events

While the Big Bang theory explains what happened “after”, the String Theory and the M-Theory attempt to the explain conditions prior to the Big Bang. The new concept on the table today is the idea of reoccurrence of the expansion events – the Big Bang becomes just another bang!  Membranes cause the explosion where surfaces touch each other, not unlike shortening of electric circuits. The good news is: If membranes indeed exist, it means the space-time existed prior to the Big Bang and the Universe with its black holes and galaxies becomes more transparent and understandable place than it was yesterday.

Brane Stands for Dimension Membrane

The Inflation Theory has had some extraordinary successes and is tough to compete with. However, there is a strong trend set in motion trying to explain everything there is. This thinking takes us from the String Theory all the way to the M-Theory, expanding our vision of the Universe all the way, from three to ten dimensions plus one extra for time. According to the new theories the space-time is a flexible substance, like a membrane, stretching and shrinking, creating ripples. When the two different Brane surfaces touch, the big bang happens and yet another universe comes to existence. Sounds like exciting alternative to the conventional Big Bang theory.

Will Quantum Gravity Theory Connect the Dots Between the After and the Before of the Big Bang event?

It appears that the perception of those who tries to figure out the Universe so far tends to stumble over the understanding of gravity. The force is so weak, that a small magnet can pull or push something away from the entire earth, yet it governs the Universe. Then, there is a "particle" that spreads its presence over those dimensions - the graviton. If this proposition is true, the event of Big Bang and the current state of the Universe become more transparent and easier to comprehend.The famous quantum gravity theory describes matter as vibrating strings of energy, and it is designed around the concept of ten dimensions plus time, and not the three dimensions we deal with in our daily life. We experience only tiny fraction gravity’s true strength because its power is spread so thin between all these ten dimensions.

 

 

Let’s Patent the Universe

Meantime, the mastermind of Stephen Hawking bravely claims that our Universe had spontaneously made itself out of nothing and is convinced that he has figured out the mystery of creation. Under the extreme conditions, he says, the laws of general relativity and quantum theory force time to behave as another dimension of space. The distinction between time and space washes out, which means that the laws of evolution can also define the “Initial State”. This way, Stephen claims, the Universe was able to spontaneously generate itself out of nothing. What a sophisticated way to stick your head in the sand!

Pushing Back the Planck Wall

The Universe has a story, and by following the lines of that story we can see them moving closer together, until they converge at one point into the point zero; which is sometimes called the Big Bang. Today, everyone’s eyes are focused on this point zero; what happened? Having cooled its detectors to the temperature only 0.1 of a degree above absolute zero, the Planck experiment is trying to push back the wall between us and the Big Bang moment – the Planck wall.

 

References: Discovery Communications, Euronews, National Geographic, European Space Agency, ESA-Planck Team, BBC Two.

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